By Eleisha Foon, RNZ Pacific at the Pacific Islands Forum in Suva
Former Kiribati President Anote Tong suspects a major agreement is “cooking” between Beijing and Tarawa after the country’s decision to quit the Pacific Islands Forum.
Kiribati President Taneti Maamau’s “surprise” announcement to abandon its membership from the region’s premier policy and political body at the 51st Forum Leaders’ meeting this week has heightened concerns the Micronesian nation is moving closer to China.
“I know they are cooking something with China,” Tong, who led the atoll island nation from 2003 to 2016, said.
- READ MORE: Fiji police evict two Chinese defence attaches amid Pacific Forum tensions
- US announces major Pacific push, embassies in Tonga, Kiribati
- Climate crisis top Pacific agenda item and it’s a security issue, says Ardern
- $10m climate funding to support Pacific seed crops
- More Pacific Islands Forum summit leaders pull out as crisis grows
- Pacific Islands Forum ‘on course’ as China issue casts shadow
- Kiribati exit from Pacific forum ‘out of order’, says founding president
- Other Pacific Islands Forum reports
“I think it would have started with the reopening of the Phoenix Island Protected Area.”
The Phoenix Islands Protected Area is the largest designated marine protected area in the world, spanning almost 400,000 sq km in the South Pacific Ocean, midway between Australia and Hawai’i.
Sources have told RNZ Pacific that a possible deal may include exclusive access to Chinese vessels to the Protected Area.
Tong believed the move by the Maamau government suggested that it hoped to “gain from being isolated from the region” by striking a deal directly with China.
“It’s totally unexpected. I did not think it was in our nature, in our character, to do something quite so radical like that,” he said.
The Kiribati government is under financial pressure due to the economic impacts of covid-19 and the current drought.
“I know that the government is in a serious problem with the escalating budget which is not sustainable,” Tong said.
He said it should not come as a surprise if the government was talking about a deal directly with the Chinese about the Phoenix Islands.
“I have seen expressions in the past in which the president [Maamau] confirmed China was going to assist in the development of Canton Islands … a former US military base and it was in closer proximity to Hawaii. So, we are very strategically located,” he said.
“It is the reason why Kiribati may have withdrawn from the Pacific Island Forum.”
Blamed on China
Meanwhile, Kiribati’s opposition leader Tessie Lambourne is blaming Kiribati’s decision to withdraw from the Forum on pressure exerted by China.
The former diplomat told The Guardian she was “shocked and extremely disappointed” by the government’s move.
Lambourne said she believed the decision was influenced by China, and that the Maamau administration was weak, vulnerable and greatly indebted to Beijing.
She said someone seemed to be telling the Kiribati government that the country did not need regional solidarity.
“I’m embarrassed because what we are saying is that we are not in the fold … we are outside,” she told The Guardian.
“And why are we outside? I think it’s us who keep ourselves out … because we are not engaged or engaging.”
China brushes off claims
China, however, has denied allegations that it has anything to do Kiribati’s decision, saying it “does not interfere in the internal affairs of Pacific Islands countries”.
Kiribati said it did not feel its concerns over the leadership rift had been listened to following the special meeting hosted by the forum chair Fiji in June, and as a consequence it had no other alternative but to leave.
Federated States of Micronesia President David Panuelo said that while it was not known if China was exerting its influence to force Kiribati out of the forum “we hope to find out soon”.
Panuelo said there was a lot of work put into the Suva Agreement to achieve a reform package which would see that the forum was “much strengthened”.
“Our aim is to open the doors and continue to invite Kiribati because when one member is not on board, it is not quite over yet,” he said.
Tong said he “completely disagrees” with Maamau’s reasoning.
“I am not so sure that it really provides the justification for the kind of reaction to just withdraw like that,” he said.
“There should have been a lot of room to manoeuvre the discussions in Suva. There is so much at stake in losing membership of the forum. I cannot imagine how Kiribati would win by having taken that step.”
Tong also raised concerns about the recent visit by China’s foreign minister to Tarawa.
“The Chinese foreign minister went through here for a few hours last month and there was a deal signed,” he said.
“Nobody knows what that deal is. And so that is maybe part of the whole process.”
This article is republished under a community partnership agreement with RNZ.